What Are The Essential Components Of A Research Paper In Neuroscience?


Just like any other area of study in any other discipline, the subject of neuroscience has standard required components that must be present in all academic research papers. Getting familiar with these components early in your study will save you time in the long run, as it will prevent you from constantly having to find a writing guide or having your material double-checked by a friend or colleague. While these aren’t necessarily bad habits to have when it comes to academic writing, they can both be time consuming, and sometimes tight deadlines prevent you from taking these extra steps. In these cases, it would beneficial to you to know without doubt what those major components are so that you can check the document on your own. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Title Page – The title page is required in most research papers and certainly in neuroscience, a subject which most people will not study until they reach their graduate study. In addition to the title, this page should include your name, course information, the name of the school, and the date of submission.

  • Acknowledgements – Although at the acknowledgments page isn’t required in all works, it’s a nice way of giving credit and thanks for anyone who has helped by providing advice, content, and even financial support.

  • Abstract – The abstract section is short summary concisely describing what the research paper is all about. This is extremely important for other academic researchers as it allows them to know whether your study is relevant to any work they may be conducting independently.

  • Introduction – This section introduces your neuroscience topic and gives any important background information the reader should know about why you are conducting the study, why the study is important, and poses a specific hypothesis in which you test.

  • Methods – This section should explain clearly and directly how you went about conducting your study or experiment. The point of this is that any other person in the field should be able to replicate your work and arrive at the same results. There should be no ambiguity with your instructions or directions.

  • Results – This section presents the factual outcomes of your study or experiment. There is no room for interpretation or explanation. You simply provide that data and facts gathered and provide them for the readers review.

  • Discussion – The discussion section is the meat of the document and is the place where you finally provide your interpretation or explanation of the results. It’s okay if your work didn’t’ go as planned as long as you provide a critical analysis of the reasons why it turned out the way it did.

  • Bibliography – Finally, the bibliography is a detailed list of all works sited in your study or experiment. This includes all published academic works, data sheets, previous studies, etc.